Past and Past Participle Forms of Irregular Verbs

As observed, the past and past participle forms of commonly used irregular verbs pose a major problem in oral and written communication.

Complete the following sentences with the correct form of the verb given at the beginning of every sentence.

BREAK
The strong wind has _________ the window panes.
Who _________ the flower vase last night?

CHOOSE
Have you already _________ the delegates who will represent the youth sector?
My friend _________ her bridal entourage three months before her wedding.

RUN
How many challenging races have we _________ in life?
The child happily _________ in the park yesterday.

LIE
Many guests have already _________ on that antique bed.
The farmer _________ comfortably on the grass after working the whole morning.

CLING
Remove the dirt that has _________ to your shoes.
We _________ to our parents when we were toddlers.

CATCH Some teenagers were _________ hanging around during the curfew.
The guard _________ a pickpocket at the fruit stall yesterday.

SWING
The child has _________ from tree to tree like Tarzan.
I got scared when the branches of the tree suddenly _________.

DRINK
Your friend has already _________ three bottles of beer.
The patient did not eat anything yesterday.
He only _________ a glass of water.

ANSWERS
broken, broke
chosen, chose
run, ran
lain, lay
clung, clung
laid, laid
swung, swung
drunk, drank

REMEMBER
The verbs “cling” and “swing,” also “sling” and “wring,” have the same past tense and past participle forms: CLUNG, SWUNG, SLUNG, WRUNG.

Use the vowel A for the past tense of “sing, ring, swim, drink, run”—as in SANG, RANG, SWAM, DRANK, RAN—and the vowel U for their past participle—as in SUNG, RUNG, SWUM, DRUNK, RUN.

The past tense of the verb “lie” (to recline) is LAY and its past participle form is LAIN. For “lay” (meaning to put or set down), use LAID for its past tense and past participle.