Indicative vs. Subjunctive Mood

In the sentences below, choose the correct form of the verb in the parentheses.

1. We wish our loved ones (are, were) around during this COVID-19 pandemic.
2. Where do you (live, lived)?
3. The teacher demands that the student (tells, tell) the truth about what happened.
4. If the president (was, were) coming, he would have sent an advance party.
5. The guests insist that their host (extends, extend) the time for their gathering.
6. Well-meaning relatives suggest that your son (studies, study) in Manila.
7. If Rizal (was, were) alive today, he would find a cure for COVID-19.
8. The faculty recommended that their A-1 student (represents, represent) the school during the press conference.
9. My friend behaves as if she (was, were) the richest person in town.
10. Has your partner ever (try, tried )to travel alone?
11. The dean demands that everybody (is, be) present during the orientation.
12. My colleague moved that the meeting (is, be) adjourned.

Answers
1. were
2. live
3. tell
4. were
5. extend
6. study
7. were
8. represent
9. were
10. tried
11. be
12. be

REMINDERS

A verb has three moods—indicative, imperative and subjunctive. The indicative mood, the most frequently used of the three, is used to state facts and ask questions. See sentences 2 and 10. The imperative mood expresses commands or requests. For example: “Please come early.” “Go home now.” “Let’s watch a movie tonight.”

The subjunctive mood expresses a wish, desire or prayer; a doubt or a condition contrary to fact in an IF clause; and a request, command, proposal, resolution, motion, decision, etc. in a THAT clause. All the exercises above, except sentences 2 and 10, use the subjunctive mood.

Use the base form of the verb in a THAT clause. See sentences 3, 5, 6, 8, 11 and 12. However, do not use the subjunctive verb WERE in sentences where IF could be replaced by WHETHER. For example: I asked my friend IF/WHETHER she WAS (not WERE) angry with me.